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Herbs

Medicinal Herb information

Unless otherwise indicated, the descriptions of the use of the medicinal plants relate to Ethiopian traditional herbal medicine practices. “Western herbal medicine” refers to the herbal medicine from the tradition of America and Europe.

Artemisia abyssinica

Artemisia Abyssinica_BotanicaEethiopia2011

Artemisia Abyssinica

Artemisia abyssinica or Chikugn (Amharic) is a species of wormwood that is traditionally used for intestinal problems, for infectious diseases, and is anti-leishmanial (acts against Leishmania parasites).  The whole herb can be used to address tonsillitis, and an infusion is traditionally drunk as a remedy for colds, and sickness in children.

References

Tariku, Y., Hymete, A., Hailu, A., Rohloff, J., 2010. Essential-Oil Composition, Antileishmanial, and Toxicity Study of Artemisia abyssinica and Satureja punctata ssp. punctata from Ethiopia. Chemistry and Biodiversity 7.

Asfaw, N., Demissew, S., 2009. Aromatic plants of Ethiopia. Shama Books, Addis Ababa.

***

Demakese

Ocimum lamifolium

Demakese

Used to treat coughs and colds, the fresh leaves are squeezed and the juice sniffed. The juice can also be used as an eye rinse for eye infection.  Also used for mich, an infection of fever with headache and mouth blisters.

***

Zingibil (Amhar); Dendabil (Tig.)

Zingiber officinale – Ginger (family Zingiberaceae)

Zingibil or Ginger. Image: hortist.blogspot.com

The rhizome (root) of ginger is popularly used in Ethiopia for stomachache and respiratory problems. It is chewed or masticated with ‘feto’ (Lepidium sativum) for stomach disorders.

It is also popularly used for its carminative (relieves gas ) and anti-nausea activities.

Ginger is equally popular in western herbal medicine and there has been extensive investigation of the rhizome and its constituents.  Zingiber officinale has demonstrated anti-inflammatory effects, as well as anti-platelet, antioxidant, antitumour, antirhinoviral and antihepatoxic activities (preventing damage to the liver) (Wohlmuth, 1999).

References:

Gedif, T. and Hahn, H.J., 2003. The use of medicinal plants in self-care in rural central Ethiopia. Journal of  Ethnopharmacology 87, 155-161.

Getahun, A., 1976. Some common medicinal and poisonous plants used in Ethiopian folk medicine. Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Gall, A. and Shenkute, Z., 2009. Ethiopian traditional and herbal medications and their interactions with conventional drugs. 16th March 2010 http://ethnomed.org/clinical/pharmacy/ethiopian-herb-drug-interactions

Wohlmuth, H., 1999. Traditional and contemporary uses of ginger. . In: MediHerb Pty Ltd (Ed.), Herbal Medicine – Practice and Science International Conference ProceedingsWarwick, Queensland.

Mills, S. and Bone, K., 2000. Withania. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy, Churchill Livingstone, London, pp. 595-602.

***

Gisewa (Amhar) or Withania somnifera  

(family Solanaceae)

Gisewa or Withania Somnifera. Image: eco-planet.com

Known to be used for coughs and asthma, as a narcotic and an anti-epileptic in Ethiopia.  Research notes other traditional uses for headache (as a dressing), paludism (malaria), ague, fever, stomachache and as a diuretic.  The smoke of the burning root is commonly inhaled for ‘Satan beshita’ or ‘devil disease’ (Asres 2001).

Withania or Gisewa is also found to have antifertility properties and to be traditionally used as a vaginal douche (aqueous extract) for its uterotonic and anti-implantation activity on butanol fraction extract (Desta, 1994).

Western herbalists are familiar with Withania (Ashwaganda), and it is used as tonic. In Western herbal medicine, decoction or extract made from the root  is a popular remedy from the ayurvedic tradition, as an ‘adaptogen’ remedy and for the treatment of debility and nervous exhaustion, for convalescence and as a general tonic (Mills and Bone, 2000).

References:

Asres, K., Bucar, F., Kartnig, T., Witvrouw, M., Pannecouque, C. and De Clercq, E., 2001. Antiviral activity against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and type 2 (HIV-2) of ethnobotanically selected ethiopian medicinal plants. Phytotherapy research 15, 62-69.

Getahun, A., 1976. Some common medicinal and poisonous plants used in Ethiopian folk medicine. Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Desta, B., 1994. Ethiopian traditional herbal drugs. Part III: Anti-fertility activity of 70 medicinal plants. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 44, 199-209.

Mills, S. and Bone, K., 2000. Withania. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy, Churchill Livingstone, London, pp. 595-602.

***

Kebercho (Amhar), Kerebicho (Or.)

Echinops kebericho (family Asteraceae)

Echinops Kebericho. Image: wikispecies

Echinops Kebericho. Image: wikispecies

Endemic to Ethiopia, Echinops kebericho, is used for fever and as a taenicidal herb (to expell tapeworm).

The smoke from burning the plant is inhaled to relieve headache and also as a cure for “evil eye” (possession by evil spirits in Ethiopian folk religion).

The root is burned for smoke to ward off mosquitoes and as a snake repellant in the house.  The smoke is inhaled to fight  typhus and fever, and is known to be used as a fumigant, mainly after childbirth. The root is also chewed to alleviate stomach ache.

References:

Demissew, S., 1993. Description of some essential oil bearing plants in Ethiopia and their indigenous uses. Journal of Essential Oil Research 5, 465-479.

Desta, B., 1994. Ethiopian traditional herbal drugs. Part III: Anti-fertility activity of 70 medicinal plants. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 44, 199-209.

Karunamoorthi, K., Ilango, K. and Endale, A., 2009. Ethnobotanical survey of knowledge and usage custom of traditional insect/mosquito repellent plants among the Ethiopian Oromo ethnic group. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 125, 224-229.

Teklehaymanot, T., Giday, M., Medhin, G. and Mekonnen, Y., 2007. Knowledge and use of medicinal plants by people around Debre Libanos monastery in Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 111, 271-283.

 ***

Verbena officinalis or Atuch (Amharic)

(family Verbenaceae)

Verbena officinalis. Image: Leo Michels

In Ethiopian traditional practice, the roots of Verbena or Atuch, are soaked in water and drunk to expel roundworm, help with snake bite, and relieve stomach ache and diarhoea.

A ‘herb of all trades’, Verbena is found to have antimicrobial properties and is traditionally used for treating tropical ulcers.

Mixed with olive oil, the juice of the fruit is used as ear drops and a juice made by crushing the fresh leaves, filtering and mixing with honey, is also used to alleviate dry cough in Ethiopia.

References:

Gedif, T. and Hahn, H.J., 2003. The use of medicinal plants in self-care in rural central Ethiopia. Journal of  Ethnopharmacology 87, 155-161.

Teklehaymanot, T., & Giday, M.. 2007. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by people in Zegie Peninsula, Northwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 3(12)

Yineger, H., Kelbessa, E., Bekele, T. and Lulekal, E., 2008. Plants used in traditional management of human ailments at Bale Mountains National Park, Southeastern Ethiopia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 2, 132-153.

 ***

Fennel or Ensilal (Amharic)

Foeniculum vulgare  (family Apiaceae)

Fennel. Image: naturalgreen.ca

In Ethiopia, the boiled or roasted roots of Ensilal or Fennel are traditionally used to treat gonorrohoea, digestive disorders and infant colic.

The juice of the fresh or dried leaves is used to stem nosebleeds and the plant is also known for its anti-fertility properties. Studies record the traditional use of an oral application of the fresh Fennel leaf as an antifertility remedy (Desta, 1995).

Western herbalists are familiar with the use of Fennel seed as a carminative and digestive; and evidence from randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trials suggest that Fennel is effective in reducing infantile colic (Natural Standard, 2010).  Clinical trials also support the use of Fennel in combination with other herbs for dyspeptic conditions of the upper GIT, including pain, nausea, belching and heartburn; chronic non-specific colitis, diarrhoea or constipation.

References:

Getahun, A., 1976. Some common medicinal and poisonous plants used in Ethiopian folk medicine. Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Giday, M., Teklehaymanot, T., Animut, A. and Mekonnen, Y., 2007. Medicinal plants of the Shinasha, Agew-awi and Amhara peoples in northwest Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 110, 516-525.

Natural Standard Inc., 2010. Natural Standard. Retrieved  29th June 2010 from http://www.naturalstandard.com/

Mills, S. and Bone, K., 2000. Withania. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy, Churchill Livingstone, London, pp. 595-602.

Desta, B., 1995. Ethiopian traditional herbal drugs. Part I: Studies on the toxicity and therapeutic activity of local taenicidal medications. J Ethnopharmacol 45, 27-33.

***

Aloe vera (family Asphodelaceae)

Aloe vera, or Eret in Amharic, is known for its cooling and cathartic properties. It is used in Ethiopia for fever, spleen and liver troubles, as well as ‘knee troubles in old age’ and ‘eye treatment’.

The juice of the plant would  be used on the breast of nursing mothers to assist with weaning as its bitter taste would discourage the baby from suckling.  The juice of the leaf  is also known to be given to a mother  in childbirth to ease labour.

In western medicine, the fresh juice of the Aloe vera plant is used as a topical application to cool burns, and the juice is taken orally for digestive disturbance.

References:

Getahun, A., 1976. Some common medicinal and poisonous plants used in Ethiopian folk medicine. Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Giday, M., Teklehaymanot, T., Animut, A. and Mekonnen, Y., 2007. Medicinal plants of the Shinasha, Agew-awi and Amhara peoples in northwest Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 110, 516-525.

***

Artemisia afra

Artemisia Afra. Image: Metafro

Called Ariti in Ethiopia (Amhar), the juice of the crushed leaves of this plant is mixed with water or honey and administered orally to address stomach pain in Ethiopian traditional medicine practice.

The essential oil of Artemisia Afra has antimicrobial properties. In South Africa, it is one of the most popular and commonly used herbal medicines for treating various ailments; from coughs and colds to malaria and diabetes.

References:

Getahun, A., 1976. Some common medicinal and poisonous plants used in Ethiopian folk medicine. Faculty of Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 63 pp.

Mangena, T. and Muyima, N. Y. O. (1999), Comparative evaluation of the antimicrobial activities of essential oils of Artemisia afra, Pteronia incana and Rosmarinus officinalis on selected bacteria and yeast strains. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 28: 291–296. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2672.1999.00525.x

 

63 Comments Post a comment
  1. awesome blog, do you have twitter or facebook? i will bookmark this page thanks. lina holzbauer

    January 3, 2011
  2. Hi Lina, Thanks. Yes, you can follow us on Facebook and Twitter. Our Twitter handle is @botanicethiopia and you can access the Facebook page from the this blog :)

    January 7, 2011
  3. Constanze #

    I am desperately looking for the Ethiopian herb called: “Adam’s Head”; it is fuzzy & has a strong smell, while fresh or dried, but a very pleasant taste as a medicinal tea. Used by the Ethiopians for all kinds of ailments.
    Can anybody tell me the botanical name & if we can find it in either the US or Europe?

    August 28, 2011
    • Hi Constanze
      I’m not familiar with this, and my research so far has failed to find reference to this herb by this name but I will ask at Addis Ababa University and the Institute of Biodiversity Conservation, and keep it in mind on my searches. Certainly if we can find a botanical name that would help. I will let you know as soon as I find out anything useful. How did you come across it?
      Kind regards, Lizzie

      September 8, 2011
    • lizziedavigdor #

      Hi again Constanze
      Abi and Mohammed have come up with the right answer I think. I wasn’t aware of the name “Adam’s Head” but “Tenadam” (Amharic) or Ruta Chalapensis is commonly found in Ethiopia and is as you describe. I saw it in many areas and is a popular herb and well known by many. It has a lovely smell and at one coffee shop in Addis it was placed on the saucer for me to add to the coffee. I will feature the herb soon on the blog, with more information.

      March 22, 2012
      • Philippe Schmitter #

        You are quite right about its role in the coffee cermemony. Does it have any relationship to Ruta which we have in Italy? I tried it in my coffee the other day, but the effect was different and much less potent.

        Philippe

        April 22, 2013
  4. Great article about the herbs… I have 2 aloe plants in my house. Glad i came to your article

    January 10, 2012
  5. I feel that is among the such a lot vital info for me. And i am glad reading your article. However want to commentary on few general things, The web site style is perfect, the articles is actually nice : D. Just right activity, cheers

    January 13, 2012
  6. Abi #

    Constanze, I Think you are talking about “Teana Adam” It means Adam’s Health. it is called RUE..it has yellow flower. small green leaves. some times you can find it at farmers market or Hispanic grocery. Good Luck

    January 15, 2012
  7. Mohammed #

    Hi Constanz,

    I think you are looking for an herb called by the scientific name of Ruta chalepensis. In usa if you go to any spanish food stores you will find it. good luck

    Mohammed

    March 11, 2012
  8. yosef ayalew #

    I am 42 years old and I have blood presure and need to use herbal medicin which one is the best please tell me

    March 21, 2012
  9. lizziedavigdor #

    Hi Yosef
    High blood pressure can have many causes, and it is best to speak to a health care practitioner who is qualified to help you. Are you in Ethiopia? A herbalist in Ethiopia would in most cases be more qualified than I am to discuss Ethiopian herbs helpful for managing the symptoms associated with high blood pressure. There is a shop called Ariti Herbals in Addis which might also be able to direct you to the right place, if you live in that area, and they have a range of herbal teas that would be helpful for nervous system support, and Ecopia. Both of these places have websites. From my research, herbs mentioned as having hypotensive properties include Digita (Calpurnia aurea), Abish (Fenugreek: Trigonellum foenum-graecum), Nech shinkurt (garlic: Allium sativum), Attuch/Telenj (Verbena officinalis). All are mentioned as being used as a tea, but a herbalist will tell you the right dosage and how to administer, and what is safe for you to use. I hope this is helpful for you.

    March 22, 2012
  10. afework #

    There are many types of herbal medicines in ethiopia .Your start is very good.My advice is to put a picture of the herb ,its use,etc. Ask old priests in
    Ethiopian old gedams ZEGE ,NARGA ,DEK ESTIFA, Around Bahrdar,Gondar,Zeway Island, & others.
    Thank you.

    March 24, 2012
  11. what do you call it FETO in English

    June 7, 2012
    • Hi Elsabeth, Feto is Lepidium Sativum or Garden Cress in common English.

      June 14, 2012
      • Genet #

        it is being applied for (mitchi besheta) skin inflammation specially around the lips & nose after flu or viral infection. make paste with water. My mom’s favorite.she used to say,lemanegnawem feto medanit new.translates for everything Feto is medicine.

        December 5, 2013
  12. MesayT #

    Hey I would like to know what “wegert” is called in english. Tnx

    June 23, 2012
    • lizziedavigdor #

      Hi MesayT
      I am not familiar with this one but looked it up: most references say that Wegert is Silene macroselen, a shrub of the caryophyllaceae family. It is used in beekeeping, and as a smoking material for milk containers. It is also mentioned for use against tapeworm

      June 24, 2012
  13. Berhanu #

    Hi, I found the information on the herbs quite helpful. May I know the Amharic names of these plants; Gravel Root & Hydrangea? Are they available in Ethiopia? Tnx a lot!

    August 3, 2012
  14. For Yaseph Ayalew!
    Shiferaw (haleco) or Moringa is good for b.p.
    N.A.W

    December 5, 2012
  15. Healing Holism #

    I live in US and study Chinese Herb and Alternative Medicine but i am so interested to integrate Ethiopian Herb if it is prescribed to patients on individual ailement basis. will keep surf this website.

    December 17, 2012
  16. Healing Holism #

    Is there anybody know if there is herbal Pharmacy in Ethiopia? Is it legal to prescribe Herb in Ethiopia?
    Thank You.

    December 17, 2012
  17. teklu #

    is lepidum sativum ( feto) is used as insect repellent? if yes , w/c part is used as insect repellent? In addition method of application. i need the answer as soon as possible. thank U

    January 23, 2013
    • lizziedavigdor #

      Hi Teklu
      The householders at Fiche described the use of the seeds of Lepidium sativum, (feto) ground with lemon juice and mixed with water and taken orally, to treat megagne, or unexplained stomach ache, but no mention was made of its use as an insect repellent.
      There are however various mentions in the literature of topical applications of the ground seed for insect repellent activity, including within Ethiopia. It may be useful to direct your enquiry to the experts at the Faculty of Science at Addis Ababa University, or to the Institute of Biodiversity Conservation in Addis Ababa for up to date references and data regarding the use of Ledpidum sativum as an insect repellent in Ethiopia

      January 23, 2013
  18. sil #

    Hello everybody, i’m a cultural anthropology student and i read something on this website about medicinal plants used against evil eye or buda in Ethiopia. This is a herbal mix of which two different debteras in Tigray told me (i’m not quite sure of the orthography): (1) Tena baria, (2) Tena adam (Ruta chalensis), (3) Harie derho (which are the excrements of a hen), (4) Dama kese (Ocimum lamiifolium), (5) Shinfai, (6) the root part of Giraw (Acacia abyssinica). Is there anybody who is able to tell me the scientific name of tena baria and shinfai?? Thanks

    January 30, 2013
    • Fisseha Demoze #

      “Shinfai” pronounced as ‘shinfa-e’ in Tigrigna Language; “feto” in Amharic Language, and a scientific name name “Lepidium Sativum”; and in English “garden cress”

      fisseha

      November 18, 2013
  19. sil #

    Chenabaria I could already find back. But if somebody has any idea what ‘shinfai’ can be, you can always let me know. Thanks

    January 30, 2013
  20. lizziedavigdor #

    Hi Sil

    The Flora of Ethiopia lists Shinfai as Justicia schimperiana (Acanthaceae), which I believe is Sensel (Amhar), described by Giday et al 2007 as used for skin lesions. I have not come across Tena baria yet. All the best with your studies!

    February 24, 2013
  21. lizziedavigdor #

    Hi Sil
    Just to follow up on Chenabaria – that may be a local name for Artemisia afra.

    February 24, 2013
  22. ttsega #

    Thank you for all the in-formations here though I am aware of all has been written and it is good seeing the info’s on public domain.

    February 25, 2013
  23. Gezmu #

    keep it up. Interesting & informative content.

    March 13, 2013
  24. Tigi #

    what do you call Moyder in English

    March 28, 2013
    • lizziedavigdor #

      Hi Tigi – I believe this is Socotora visciformis

      September 3, 2014
  25. Amanuel Hmariam #

    Is it possible to find Echinops kebericho in any store in the US? If yes, where? Thank you in advance!

    Amanuel

    June 26, 2013
    • engida #

      Hi, Kebericho is endemic medicinal herb to Ethiopia. I don’t think the root of this plant ii present in US.
      engida dessalegn

      February 21, 2014
  26. kaku #

    Hi,i want to know any Ethiopian traditional medicine used to treat epilepsy?

    July 3, 2013
    • Jyotsna #

      I would like to know the English name of Kosaret /kosarat which is used in making berbere powder in Ethiopia.

      August 2, 2013
      • lizziedavigdor #

        Hi Jyotsna
        You may have found the answer by now! But Koseret is Lippia adoensis
        Lizzie

        September 3, 2014
  27. Carol Benson #

    Hi, I just wanted to add that I have also really enjoyed “tena adam” in my coffee, and Ethiopian friends all had it growing in their yards for general medicinal use. I belong to an organic CSA farm in CT and I just discovered it growing in our herb section! But now I see there is some contradiction between its scientific names– is it Ruta Chalapensis or Ruta Chalensis? I want to share this with my fellow gardeners! Thanks!

    August 2, 2013
    • lizziedavigdor #

      Hi Carol
      A belated response from me – apologies. It’s botanical name is Ruta chalepensis L. (Rutaceae)
      Lizzie

      September 3, 2014
  28. There are more than what is mentioned above, please keep adding the likes of engudai,kereshashimbo , digita dign,anketa,koso ,kitikita among the few
    If a donkey eats engudai dies unless given kereshashimbo, and vice versa.
    digita is used to cure animals skin problem. Aniketa, dign with alchohol for stomach ,koso for tape worms and kitikita for malaria.

    August 4, 2013
  29. Abebe #

    what can I use to reduce my blood pressure?

    August 15, 2013
    • Assefash #

      I heard Moqumoquko is good for lowering blood pressure. I hope I spelled it right and if anyone know the scientific name for it I very much appreciate your help. my mother used often to lower her blood pressure and it works.

      April 26, 2014
  30. nesru #

    botanical name ‘yohimbe’and also ‘entengo herb’what do call it in amharic?

    September 8, 2013
  31. nesru #

    what do we call it in amharic ‘withania somnifera’ or ‘ashwaganda’?

    September 22, 2013
    • lizziedavigdor #

      Hi Nesuru
      Withania somnifera is “Gizawe”
      Lizzie

      September 3, 2014
  32. eugene batiste #

    Hello. What is the Amharic translation for dandelion tea?

    December 7, 2013
  33. sophonias #

    where can we shop for essential oils in Addis?
    Thanks in Advance!

    December 24, 2013
    • lizziedavigdor #

      Hi sophonia
      I’m sorry for the late response! I am not sure – possibly Ariti Herbal, or you could contact Ecopia –
      Lizzie

      September 3, 2014
  34. mekdes #

    Hi am mekdes
    I read the articles they are interesting but they are also other folk medicines in Ethiopia try to find them I hope u will amazed

    December 26, 2013
  35. Khaled Yusuf #

    my name is Khaled Yusuf, I live in Toronto, Canada. Recently a friend of my gave me a herb form Ethiopia. I would like to know what it is before I use it. the name of herb called “Bal qutal” in Oromiffa or Affan Oromo or “fat Kotal” in Harari. If you are familiar with this name could be able to tell me what scientific name is to learn more about it.

    your help greatly appropriated.
    Thanks

    March 1, 2014
    • lizziedavigdor #

      HI Khaled – I’m afraid I don’t know this one – or am not familiar with the Oromo or Harari names.

      September 3, 2014
  36. wulex #

    I did research on artemisia Abyssinica for my b.pharm degree, it was amazing result. I am interested on herbs please give me more info’s. Thanks

    March 22, 2014
    • lizziedavigdor #

      Hi Wulex – The Artemisia species generally are creating a lot of interest. I do not have further research from my own work in Ethiopia but there are ethnobotanical studies being produced by universities there with more information coming through all the time. It’s good to see!

      September 3, 2014
  37. I would like to buy entengo herbal if do u have its

    April 3, 2014
  38. lissie,the root of Embuay with salt is best for healing wound.

    April 4, 2014
    • lizziedavigdor #

      thank you Fasil

      September 3, 2014
  39. Khaled Yusuf #

    I think Mekmako in Amharic and sientfic name is Rumex abyssinicus. I hope that will help.

    April 30, 2014
  40. Hi i am 45 years old female, am an Ethiopian living abroad and my question is i recently noted that I had Invasive Ductal Carcinoma breast cancer and i heard that shiferaw and mustard cure the cancer is that true? if it is am willing to come home and take herbal medicine instead of surgery please advise. Thanking you in advance :)

    August 24, 2014
  41. lizziedavigdor #

    Hi Nunu
    I’m sorry to hear you have had a diagnosis of ductal carcinoma. It would be important for you to receive advice on your treatments from your doctor and qualified health care practitioners who are familiar with the treatments involved and can support you throughout. Often it might be a case of surgery with support of good nutrition and possibly herbs, but you do need qualified advice which hopefully you can access where you are currently living. I’m afraid I am not familiar with the shiferaw and mustard treatment; I believe shiferaw is the Moringa Tree, which has many medicinal properties and some evidence of anti-cancer effects, but I would recommend that you seek advice on this by visiting a practitioner who understands the evidence for its use. All the best, Lizzie

    September 3, 2014
    • Thank you Lizzie for your prompt reply and advise, I did my surgery last week on 27th of August removed the breast lump and a surrounding margin of normal tissue and the lymph nodes and this week my Dr. informed me a good news that the surrounding margin of normal tissue and lymph nodes both No contained cancer. Thanks GOD!! :)

      September 5, 2014
  42. Hi Lizzie, some of my friend told me to put a very small pcs of kerbee in one letter water over night and to drink one coffee cup in the morning so that i can heal fast is zat a good idea? right now am not on medication. could you advise me what kind of herb to use to heal fast beside the diet. Thank you in advance for your help. :)

    September 5, 2014
  43. Yigermal Molla #

    Thank you for the information. I’m from Wondo Genet Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Research Center. If you can and you want, here is more information about Ethiopian Aromatic and Medicinal plants. Please come and visit us.

    October 5, 2014

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